What is an AGV System?

Automatic Guided Vehicles, “AGVs” or transportation robots, are driverless, computer-controlled material-handling vehicles. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are also known as LGV (Laser-Guided Vehicle). These vehicles are programmed to transport materials through designated pickup and delivery routines within a facility.

During the transport process, AGVs transmit information concerning system status, inventory tracking and system controls to a dispatching system. An AGV system incorporates one or more transportation robots, to move material automatically, following the customer’s predefined paths, for optimum operation and throughput. Today laser guidance is the preferred method of navigation.

AGV Systems offer many advantages relative to other types of material handling systems, including:

• Predictable, reliable, automatic operation

• Automated interfaces with other systems

• Reduced handling damage through improved positioning

• Reduced operating and maintenance cost of material handling

• Efficient long-distance movements

• Flexibility to changes in material handling requirements

• Creates an ergonomic, safe environment

• Easily expandable layout and system capacity for maximum flexibility


Types of AGV

There are many types of AGVs, some of which include:

Automated Carts (AGC)– This is a lower cost AGV type, easy to install and traditionally used for simple applications, also known as “Under Cart AGV, and Tunnel AGV”. Originally designed to perform simple loop circuits, this vehicle lacked robust functionality – until now. Meet the Assembly Line AGV, a vehicle inspired by the simplicity of a traditional AGC, with the intelligence of a full capacity AGV. This vehicle is a Transbotics exclusive.  


Unit Load (Top Loader) AGV

Unit Load AGV (also known as a Top Loader)

Unit Load AGVs - Unit load AGVs are the most traditional type of AGV. Sometimes called “top carriers” due to the load resting over much of the vehicle. Ideal for moving pallets, large containers, or roll handling throughout various areas of a production, manufacturing or distribution facility.


Tugger AGV

Tugger AGV

Tugger AGVs - Great for both light and heavy-duty applications, this type of AGV can be used in almost any industry.


Forklift AGV

Forklift AGV

Automated Forklift AGVs - Forklift vehicles are designed to transport a variety of products, including palletized loads. They can replace many operations of traditional forklifts and pallet jacks improving AGV safety and throughput efficiency.


Investing in an AGV system is investing in the future, which is why calculating a company’s return on investment is a crucial step when deciding if this is the right path. Our team can help you figure out what your ROI might be. Another helpful resource is a good understanding of what to ask a supplier. Questions such as, what type of support do you offer (Phone, online, 24/7, etc.) should be on your list of “must know”.

Ready to consult with a specialist? You don’t have to navigate this decision alone, the Scott Transbotics team is ready to answer your questions, submit your request online to consult with a member of our staff.


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